Posted by: St. Mark Lutheran Church | March 12, 2010

Quotes from Concord — Faith and Absolution

Furthermore, we ask the adversaries whether or not Absolution is a part of repentance.  If they separate it from Confession (they are clever in making the distinction), we do not see what benefit Confession has without Absolution.  If, however, they do not separate Absolution from Confession, it is necessary for them to hold that faith is a part of repentance, because Absolution is not received except through faith.  However, that Absolution is received only through faith is proven from Paul, who teaches that the promise cannot be received except by faith (Romans 4:16).  Absolution is the promise of the forgiveness of sins.  Therefore, it necessarily requires faith.  Neither do we see how the person who does not yield to Absolution may be said to receive Absolution.  What else is refusal to yield to Absolution but charging God with falsehood?  If the heart doubts, it regards those things that God promises as uncertain and of no account.  So, it is written, “Whoever does not believe God has made Him a liar, because he has not believed in the testimony that God has borne concerning His Son” (1 John 5:10).

— The Apology of the Augsburg Confession, Article XIIA (V) Repentance, paragraphs 61-62 (Concordia: The Lutheran Confessions, A Reader’s Edition)

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